Engineering Industries: Technology Vision 2020

Code No: TIFAC:V:08:II:ESDR Price:3500 Category: Engineering Industries

Vision for Capital Goods Industry:

Capital Goods Industries will witness an average growth rate of 12-15%.
India will capitalise on the shifting of foundry and forging activities from developed countries and technological upgradation will take place to meet global demands.

This will be visible by 2000. This will include high pressure moulding line, no bake process, chemical bonding of sand, mechanisation of fettling, austempered SG, ductile iron, CAD, dust fume extraction etc.

This will be visible by 2000. India will become the 5th largest producer of machine tools in the world by 2000. By 2010, 60% of the machine tools produced will be CNC. By 2020, 80% of the machine tools produced will be CNC. By 2000-2005 Indian industries will go in for FMS, AI appplications, processing using laser, waterjet etc, cold forming/extrusion, near net shape manufacturing, high speed machinng, intelligent manufacturing using ssensors, continuous forming, reduced set-up times, virtual reality applications, hard machining etc. Boiler designs for many alternate fuels will be available by 2005. Fluidized bed combustion technology will be in wide use by 2000-2005.

By 2000-2005 technological upgradation covering materials design, manufacturing, quality, reliability, packaging, marketing and servicing will take place.

These will include new materials, CAD/CAM/FMS, ISO 9000, ISO 14000, R&D in new materials, modular design, casting and forging, machatronics, precision manufacturing, automation and environmental issues. Design and development of high precision machine tools, high speed spindles, linear motor slides diamond turning machines will also come up. India will become a net exporter of technologies by 2010.


Software development for processes and system, will take place. By 2020 India will be a leading producer of quality castings and forgings and will be a large exporters of these items.

India will be self sufficient in advanced machine tools and boilers of the state of the art technologies. Exports of these items will be on the increase. Employment generation will be on the rise. Action Plan - Capital Goods Industry Issue


Issue Action Recommended
International Indentification of select areas of strength: Automobile parts, casting, forging, CNC machine tools  
  Competition Upgradation of processes - CAM, Robotics, Welding, Near netshape manufacturing, Precision Manufacturing, Automation, Tooling
  Improve quality, delivery and cost. Environmental aspects (ISO 9000, ISO 14000 implementation) Government
  State of the art technology adoption I M T M A
  In Machine tool industry I I F
  Improvement in design, quality, reliability and reduction in cost Other professional institution
  Improving supplier base for components DST / DOE / CSIR
  Evolving modular designs.  
  Design of Flexible manufacturing IITs / IISc / CARE
  Availability of parts and raw materials Technical Institutions  
  Consortium marketing and competitive C M T I
  In Foundry Industries  
  Control on dimension /surface finish.  
  Value addition - Machined castings, forgings.  
  Exact specification on metal compositions.  
  Mechanisation and automation - with increased scale of production.  
  In Forging  
  Develop better tooling capabilities - CAD.  
  Adoption of cold forging and near net shape technologies.  
  Mechanisation and automation with large volume production.  


Issue Action recommended Recommended
  In Boiler and Pressure Vessels Upgradation of welding systems Automation in welding including robotics DST / DOE / CSIR/ Improvement in radiography, controls, reliability and safety. Government I M T M A, I I F Other Professional Institutions DST / DOE / CSIR/ IITs / IISc / CARE Technical Institutions CMTI, Insdustries 
R&D in Capital Goods Focus on automotive and consumer durable sectors and meet their requirements  
  Train R&D Manpower I M T M A
  Focus on finish, painting, design, ergonomics etc.  
  More spending on R&D by industry & Associations IIF, Professional Bodies, Academic Institutions
  Plan for future technologies - Alternate fuels for boilers, materials, smart controls etc.  
  Assimilation and application of existing technology  
Advanced Mfg. Improve Precision Manufacturing Capabilities DST Technology CSIR
  Do fundamental research in machining including micro machinery DOE DRDO
  Develop advanced automation systems including software. Space Professional Bodies
  Develop Robotics Academic Institutions
  Development of sensors and adaptive control BIS
Takeup mechatronic development    
  Develop measuring and testing equipment for quality and reliability  
Expected increase in the demand of castings and forgings Resorting to consortium approach. Mechanisation and automatoin  
  Use of CAD and advanced Q.C. procedures.  
  Dimension and finish control. Professional Bodies
  Availability of quality raw material.  
  Information integration - MIS
CAD/CAM for dies
and moulds. Technological upgradation.


Issue Action recommended Agency
New Boiler Technologies Development of Fluidized bed technologies Once through Boiler design. Improvements of boiler tubes. Improvement of thermal efficiencies. Design for alternate fuels. Industries, DST
Changes in Training Systems in training Continuous skill enhancement required.
establishments Retraining of workforce at all levels in mechatronics in industries New branches and courses in training institutions like IITs,
CMTI etc.
(Mechatronics, Precision Engg.,
Micro-machining)Flexible modular courses to be developed
for people already working in the industry with Institutions
a view to continuous upgradation of their skills.
Change the outdated curriculums in ITI’s,
Polytechnics, Engineering Colleges etc.
together with the facilities.
Outside training of personnel (abroad)
Fiscal incentives to the industry for training
and retraining.
Vision for.

Multiskill training.
Advanced Machine Tools,

IITs/ Technical



Vision for Textile Machinery

By 2020 India will be a leading textile producing country in the world.

By 2000 Technology upgradation, productivity improvement, energy conservation and environmental
protection aspects and quality improvement will take place. This includes CAD/CAM, Robotics, high speed machines, material handling systems, auto doffing and high speed ring frames. Electronic instrumentation and computerised automation. Airjet looms, spinning and preparatory-autoleveller cards and draw fames.

Agricultural research will result in better cotton yield, organic cotton and coloured cotton will be available. Reductionof cost of hank yarns and use of cone yarns by handlooms development of high value yarns like technical, elastic, slit etc. Production of industrial filter fabrics, medical textiles and use of micro fibres.

By 2010 Eco-friendly textile exports will start. Production of Geo & Technical textiles. Machinary modernisation will be achieved and development of advanced machines with electronic controls will pick-up. New weft insertion techniques and continuous rotating system for weaving will bedeveloped. High tech knitting technologies, multiface weaving, meltspinning of microfilament yarn, eco-friendly processing improvement in indoor air quality and recylcling of waste will all be done.

Fibre inputs like jute, linen, fals, polyester, acrylics, polypropylene will find a place in yarn manufacture. Double yarn productivity will be increased by SIRO spinning and TFO.

By 2020 Consolidation of technological upgradation. Becomes a leading player in global market. Large scale units with assembly line plants, diversification into high value garments, jackets industrial wear and sport wear and integrated textile mills to enter garment manufacture will take place (2010- 2020).

Fashion changes will be faster by 2000 than at present.Employment of women will be on the increase especially in garment making.