Technology for Futuristic Pesticides - Current Global Status

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Code No: TMS051 Price: 1250 Category: Foods & Agriculture: Inputs to the Soil

ES.1.0. The Assignment

The Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council, Department of Science and Technology, has commissioned the compilation of this Report pertaining to Futuristic Pesticides.

ES.1.2. The objective of the study is to bring our the current status of the pesticides in the world, identify the preferred products / technology groups under Indian conditions and suggest an action plan as well as agencies for its implementation.

ES.2.0 Pesticides

Pesticides, used for combating the pests including insects, weeds, fungii, rodents ad other for m of human ,life including virus, bacteria and other micro-organisms have made a phenomenal contribution worldwide towards the production and preservation of food, fibre and cash crops, as also to eradication of dieses and maintenance of public health.

The importance of continued development in the pesticides is more so in a country like India which is predominantly agricultural with about 80% of the population depending upon agriculture and living in rural areas. Indian population is expected to cross the 100 crore mark by 2000 AD, with the corresponding requirement of food grains exceeding 220 million tones. As against this, the availability of land per capita is expected to be only 0.14 hectares. As such, the critical role of pesticides in preventing crop losses, making available food at cheap rates and improvement in quality of food can not be overemphasized.

Besides ensuring the food supplies, pesticides have also to make a substantial contribution in increasing the production of cash crops like cotton, tea, coffee, tobacco etc. which in addition to meeting the domestic requirement are so important for export earning.

Equally important is the contribution the pesticides have to make in preventing the diseases and maintaining health of the increasing population. According to WHO 2.5 lakh to 5 lakh children die annually due to Malaria. It is imperative that this trend be arrested.                                                                                                                                                Back