The International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), in Austria is an international research organization supported by member organizations from different countries. IIASA conducts inter-disciplinary scientific studies on environmental, economic, technological, and social issues in the context of human dimensions of global change and specializes in natural and social scientific research methods and models valued by policy makers, the scientific community and the public worldwide. India joined IIASA in January 2007 with TIFAC as the National Member Organization (NMO).

As the Indian NMO for IIASA, TIFAC’s role is to primarily identify, initiate and catalyze collaborative activities that utilize IIASA’s strengths thorough the India-IIASA Programme which is guided an Indian National committee chaired by Dr Kirit S Parikh, Member Planning Commission.The major activities include:

  • Indian scientists working at IIASA on issues of mutual concern and interest.
  • Organization of relevant activities in India (workshops, conferences, seminars, etc.) on ongoing research activities at IIASA.
  • Participation of Indian scientists in scientific events at IIASA or events organized by IIASA outside India/Austria
  • Joint collaborative research and development projects between Indian scientists from Indian S&T organizations and academic institutions and IIASA on areas on mutual concern.

An important part of the programme includes capacity building for Indian scientists by way of facilitating participation of talented Indian scientists at IIASA in their programs like the Young Scientists Summer Program (YSSP) and Postdoctoral Programs. As the Indian NMO, TIFAC facilitates participation of Indian Scientists in IIASA’s programs selected through IIASA competitive process. In addition, TIFAC also facilitate development of collaborative projects between Indian and IIASA scientists in areas of mutual interest.

  • Food and water

Food and water related activities focus on reducing hunger and starvation in the world and providing secure water supplies for agriculture, human consumption, industry, and the natural environment; improving land use planning and management to achieve a stable world food supply; addressing the interactions among fresh water, agriculture, forestry, food, fisheries, energy, and health; and analyzing the impacts of economic development, demographic change, environmental degradation, and climate change on ecosystem services.

  • Energy and climate change

Energy and climate change related research area aims to alleviate energy poverty in underserved regions and attempts to provide energy security worldwide; assesses the interactions among energy supply and end use, economic development, environmental impacts, particularly climate change and air pollution and loss of ecosystem services; guides the way to economically and environmentally sustainable energy futures.

  • Poverty and equity

Poverty and equity research theme would address reducing the gap between rich and poor; understanding gender and education inequities and how to reduce them; assessing the impacts of drivers of global change on inequities, including development and urbanization, globalization, population growth and migration.

IIASA provides a cost-effective mechanism for a country to enhance its capability in systems analysis through international research collaboration, capacity building activities, and the mobility of global scientific talent. Further, giving a country’s researchers international experience is effective in augmenting research productivity, equipping researchers with the skills that employers want, and increasing the economic benefits to the country.

Through this, young scientist joins an IIASA programme (June-August every year) and experiences at first hand, interdisciplinary cooperation in an international setting.  Since India’s membership, twenty Indian researcher had participated in the Young Scientist Summer Program (YSSP) during at IIASA. In addition, five researcher underwent training under the Southern African Young Scientists Summer Program (SA-YSSP), conducted at the University of the Free State in Bloemfontein, South Africa during.

One of the most important things that have resulted from aforesaid exercise was to have a systems perspective in research. Given the structural interconnectedness among several factors in explaining a main research question, it is important to model the interrelationship better.

Young Scientists Summer Programme (YSSP):

Young Scientists Summer Programme (YSSP) is a well acclaimed IIASA programme, which has been running since 1977. This provides an opportunity to young researchers from all member countries to carry out research on a theme related to IIASA’s ongoing activities on issues of environmental, economic and social change. Under this programme, young scientists join IIASA for three months (June-August) every year and experience at first hand, interdisciplinary cooperation in an international setting. 

List of Young Scientists

List of South African Young Scientists Summer Program

Post Doctoral Programme:

IIASA postdoctoral fellowship offer research opportunities to talented individuals who have just received their doctorate to conduct ‘one-to-two-years' research within one of IIASA’s research programme or on special topics closely related to IIASA’s agenda.

List of Post Doctoral Fellows


Capacity Building Initiative guidelines [PDF]

Application format  for submission under capacity Building initiative [

This Indian NMO initiative supports collaborative studies between Indian institutions and IIASA researcher in the areas of mutual interest.

TIFAC-IIASA studies guidelines [PDF]

Application format for - Collaborative Studies: INDIA-IIASA Programme [PDF] [WORD]

Completed Research Collaborations

IIASA provides India with over 40 years expertise in applied systems analysis. Through collaborative research projects IIASA partners with Indian research institutions to apply its research expertise and tools to India’s national, regional and global challenges, complementing them to the skills and expertise of partners in India.

Objective: The study launched by TIFAC in partnership with Integrated Research and Action for Development (IRADe), New Delhi and IIASA projected Indian energy scenario in global perspective by adapting IIASA’s model in Indian context. New and current technologies as provided in the IIASA model like carbon capture and storage (CCS), coal, nuclear, solar PV, off-shore wind on-shore wind, solar thermal with storage, solar thermal without storage, advanced nuclear, bio fuels and others were analyzed and an assessment made as to their technological feasibility for India.

Outcome: The study analyzed the Global Energy Assessment (GEA) scenarios of IIASA. To study the impact on welfare and GDP loss that India may have to endure if the low carbon paths as envisaged in the GEA global scenarios are followed. The model results for energy scenarios for India up to 2050 suggests technological transition for power production from coal to natural gas to meet climate concerns under current mitigation policies. The model suggests shift to super critical boilers to meet mitigation needs for coal based power generation. For drastic reduction in emission, power generation technologies may shift to nuclear and solar. This implies higher investment in renewable energy and costlier technologies like nuclear and super critical boilers.

The model provided insights regarding the energy transitions required in the power sector up to 2050 and the associated costs and impacts on GDP to achieve the transitions required for three alternative scenarios: (i) the reference scenario; (ii) a scenario incorporating the Government’s policies on energy efficiency (in the National Action Plan on Climate Change) and the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy policies for wind, small hydro and solar; and (iii) a scenario based on adopting carbon cuts in the power sector consistent with the GEA scenario of IIASA for achieving a 2 degree celcius global temperature reduction target.

Impact: Many other projects carried out by IRADe on energy were built up on the aforesaid results and models. In the Planning commission report on Low Carbon Strategies for Inclusive Growth, IRADe had contributed in the two chapters namely Low Carbon Inclusive Growth Model, which incorporates low carbon strategies while maintaining the inclusive growth interventions as introduced in the Baseline, Inclusive Growth (BIG) scenario and Energy Efficiency in Households. The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) was set up to promote energy efficiency launched its “Bachat Lamp Yojana” (BLY) in February 2009. Under this scheme, a working incandescent bulb is exchanged at a small cost of Rs. 15 (a CFL usually costs Rs. 100 approximately) with a CFL by the distribution company, which has worked out a scheme to get carbon credits for this programme.

The outcome of IRADe model was given as input to the government document on INDC prepared by MOEF&CC. This model substantially contributed to the capacity building for Indian researchers and also provided contribution to many policy makers.

IRADe recently published an analysis of how its modeling tools are contributing to low-carbon growth planning in India noting the importance of models: “In planning for a low-carbon economy, planners must explore and understand the full spectrum of low-carbon opportunities. Alternate development pathways require different policy and technology measures that have varying costs and benefits, and it is critical to identify the most cost-effective and locally appropriate policies and actions to achieve social, environmental an economic goals.”

In addition there have been various publications using the model to analyze future energy transitions in India and potential impacts on air pollution and climate change:

1.    M. van Sluisveld, D. Gernaat, S. Ashina, K. Calvin, A. Garg, M. Isaac, P. Lucas, I. Mouratiadou, S. Otto, S. Rao, P. Shukla, J. van Vliet, D. van Vuuren: A multi-model analysis of post-2020 mitigation efforts of five major economies , Vol. 04/Issue 04, Climate Change Economics,2013
2.    Dholakia HH, Purohit P, Rao S & Garg A (2013). Impact of current policies on future air quality and health outcomes in Delhi, India. Atmospheric Environment, 75:241-248

From 2007 to 2009 IIASA’s forest researchers and collaborators in India, including TIFAC, conducted an in-depth analysis of Indian forests, which was published as a Special Issue of the International Forestry Review and as a IIASA Policy Brief. It identified the key issues facing the forest sector and the policies to help it develop sustainably and meet future national needs. IIASA subsequently built on this research in collaboration with the Indian Institute of Forest Management (IIFM) in Bhopal to analyze forest carbon accounts for sustainable policy options as part of the India-IIASA Programme.

Objective: The study was taken up wth the objectives (i) to analyze existing forestry, land use and other policies which have bearing on livelihood from the forestry sector; (ii) to develop site specific India Forest Carbon Model with special reference to Himalayan state of Sikkim and central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh; (iii) to analyze the feasibility of suitable financial mechanism in the forestry scenario of India. The project focused on the implications for managing forest resources in Himachal Pradesh and Sikkim.

Outcome: The study connected the net forest carbon stock to the livelihood and socio-economic aspects of the forest dependent communities and has developed carbon maps for carbon sequestration to assess how forest could be managed more affectively. The study has provided interventions and recommendations for sustainable management of forests keeping in mind the livelihood options of the forest dependent communities. IIFM had carried out the primary survey of sample plots from Chhindwara and East Sikkim. After obtaining the gross stock of carbon, the removals were estimated in terms of fuel-wood, fodder, bamboo, timber – furniture and fixtures. A detailed socio-economic survey collected the data on the above parameters which were converted to carbon equivalent and subtracted from the gross value. Hence the net stock was obtained. With the above socio-economic parameters a spreadsheet based tool/model was developed, which allows choosing combination of stratas and tells us its carbon value.

Impact: The study has been used as a case for teaching Post Graduate Students in Environmental Management and Senior Forest officials attending trainings in IIFM about various global carbon models which the study reviewed and drew inputs from as well as the Model that was developed for two sites of India. IIFM intends to replicate the work in other sites so that entire country’s model could be developed in future. It further provides support on estimating stock and then value of carbon in different states forests in various valuation studies carried by IIFM.

It also had a capacity building aspect with:

  • A training workshop on ecological modeling with special reference to the forest sector at IIFM in 2010.
  • Three Indian researchers spending several months in 2011 working with IIASA’s researchers to apply IIASA’s models and build national versions.

On Going Research Collaborations


Declining soil fertility and deteriorating water quality and quantity also affect rural livelihoods. Against this background, TIFAC and IIASA collaborated for the cluster of projects that which would result in an integrated assessment model that enables concurrent analyses of these multiple issues with three institutions:

  • Climate Change Adaptive Behavior for Sustainable Livelihoods in collaboration with the Institute of Rural Management Anand (IRMA).
  • Modeling of Soil Nutrient Assessment Programme (SNAP): Developing a Decision Support System for Sustenance of Soil Fertility in Humid Tropics of Kerala with the Centre for Water Resources Development and Management (CWRDM), Kozhikode.
  • Livelihood Issues for Sustainability of Water Management with the National Institute of Hydrology (NIH), Roorkee.

The complementary specialties and skills of the leading institutes in India in each pilot area, IRMA, NIH, and CWRDM, have been combined with IIASA’s systems analytical experience to compile harmonized databases and build a common framework for jointly assessing climate, land, soil nutrient, and water management impacts on livelihoods in each of these study regions (Bundelkhand, Gujarat, Kerala), creating the science-based inputs for a decision support system which later on can be scaled up and applied in other areas.

Outcome: Under the cluster project, the three institutes would use consistent data systems and classifications, notably for climate, soils, land use, cropping systems and water resources, supply and demand systems. There would be coherent development of adaptation options with focus on respectively land use and cropping systems, water & soil management issues. The study would develop shared climate change scenarios, spatial analysis and DSS methodologies on climate, land and water and prepare guidelines in sustenance and improvement in rural livelihoods. The project findings would also work out a strategy for replication of solution and their scaling up in other parts of India.

Impact: While this work is in progress, Ministry of Water Resources (GoI) has suggested extending this work to other regions of Bundelkhand. In the initial phase four regions have been identified for implementation of Integrated Water Resource Management and is expected to be done by end of 2016.


Air pollution has become a growing problem particularly in urban areas. India has many metropolitan cities, large number of urban areas and vast rural region. There are several sources of air pollution such as power plants, industrial stacks, vehicular traffic, fossil fuel burning and many other anthropogenic activities in urban areas in India.

The air pollutant fine particulate matter (PM2.5) contributes to illnesses such as cardiovascular diseases, asthma, and lung cancer. Current levels of PM2.5 in most of India exceed the World Health Organization guideline of 10ug/m3 by more than a factor of four. And if the level of consumption of energy in India grows as expected, without additional air pollution controls, concentrations of PM2.5 in many parts of India will more than triple by 2030. However, if India implements advanced air pollution measures by 2030, life expectancy would increase by 2.8 years, and 2.5 million premature deaths per year would be saved.

Objective: To develop GAINS City model for Indian cities (Delhi and Kolkata), to assess health and environmental impact due to air pollutants and greenhouse gases, and identify cost-effective strategies for the mitigation of air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions.
Indian partner: National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI) in Nagpur (supported by TIFAC)

Application of modified version of the GAINS-Asia model in Indian context includes information on local technology, its operating conditions and penetration, in particular for the following sectors: small scale industries, thermal power plants, transport, and residential combustion.  While focusing on Kolkata, the study assesses the emission levels and helps in deciding the affect on any developmental activities and increases in pollution thereof and enables the policy makers identify specific variables in the development process as the key policy elements and would provide multiple options for air pollution control.

Outcome: Although a few measures taken up by the government on transport sector alone were somewhat effective in reducing a single source, their effects have quickly been offset by total growth of population and economic activity. In addition, local measures alone will hardly be sufficient to achieve low PM concentrations as primary as well as secondary particles are imported from outside the region. In fact, promoting emission control measures upwind can be the most cost-effective way for tackling pollution.  Therefore, significant improvements can only be expected with a comprehensive approach, tackling all these major sources.

GAINS-City will help urban planners to assess practical policy options for controlling urban air pollution that simultaneously maximize reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and minimize adverse health impacts due to air pollution. GAINS models would also suggest the alternate and cost affective technologies so as to improve the health and reduce the emission. It can be extended to the rest of the country and can be used by the policy makers to plan meeting INDC commitments.


The study was launched with Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC), Bangalore to understand traditional crops grown in different agro-climatic zones and how changes in cropping system have been brought about over the years, understand the reasons for the change and the impact of these changes on ecosystem services. The extent and distribution of agro-biodiversity in different agro-climatic zones would be studied and analyzed for the ecological and economic efficiency of agro-biodiversity while simultaneously analyzing the ecological and social costs of the loss of agro-biodiversity.

Outcome: The study would identify conceptual issues and gaps, develop biodiversity indicators relevant for agricultural landscapes, identify the ecosystem, estimate the economic value of agro-biodiversity, the social costs of their loss, as well as assess the policy options to promote agro-biodiversity conservation. The study would also highlight the pattern of climate change and its impact on forest, agriculture, livestock and humans and plan possible adaptation measures for vulnerability to climate change towards conservation of agro-biodiversity and sustainable socio-ecological development.

Various other collaborations of India with IIASA without TIFAC support


Indian partner: Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Ahmedabad (supported by Climate Works Foundation)
Key research objectives: To evaluate the greenhouse gas mitigation potential for India, identify CO2 emission reduction measures, their cost and mitigation potential for 2020, 2030 and 2050.
Indian partners: Center for Policy Research (CPR)
Key research objectives: What is India’s energy future and what are the most effective ways that India can mitigate climate change? These questions are integrally connected as energy accounts for 77% of India’s greenhouse gas emissions. To inform this discussion, models provide one potentially useful tool, if used appropriately. This study conducts a comparative review of seven recent India-focused (not global) modelling studies that cover CO2 emissions from the energy and industry sectors to explore Indian energy and emissions futures until 2030, with the explicit intention of informing several policy salient questions.
1.    Dubash, N.K., Khosla, R., Rao, N.D. and Sharma, K.R. (2015) Informing India's energy and climate debate: policy lessons from modelling studies. Research Report, Climate Initiative, Centre for Policy Research, New Delhi, India
2.    Rao, N.D., McCollum, D., Dubash, N.K. and Khosla, R. (2015) Development and climate policy synergies: insights from global modelling studies. IIASA Policy Report. XQ-15-803.
3.    Narula, K., Sudhakara Reddy, B. and Pachauri, S. (2016) Sustainable Energy Security for India: An assessment of energy demand sub-system. Applied Energy. (In Press)
4.    Policy impact: The research has had considerable influence on current debates about how to improve India’s energy modeling capabilities in order to inform future plans for India’s energy sector. There has been significant media coverage including the Economist, the Hindu, the Indian Express, and Time magazine. Discussions are currently taking place with the National Institution for Transforming India, (NITI Aayog) about a Memorandum of Understanding with IIASA on how IIASA can collaborate with NITI to develop these modeling capabilities.
Indian partners: The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), New Delhi and Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Ahmedabad (supported by the European Commission)
Key research objectives: CD-LINKS is a research project that brings together a consortium of nineteen leading international research organizations from around the globe to explore national and global transformation strategies for climate change and their linkages to a range of sustainable development objectives. To date there have been relatively few scientific analyses that have explored the complex interplay between climate action and development while simultaneously taking both global and national perspectives.
Indian partners: Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Chennai
Key research objectives: The assessment would look into atmospheric pollution and sustainable development in Asia exploring the mitigation opportunities to reduce health, meet the sustainable development goals, identify co-benefits for climate change, as well as discuss strategies to strengthen implementation of mitigation measures and scaling up the actions. Air pollution and climate change do not respect national boundaries and need to also be tackled at the regional Asian level to maximize the benefits for the individual countries of Asia.
Key research objectives: The research would focus on a) How will changing patterns in urbanization and income distribution influence the patterns of human consumption (e.g. food, energy), and what are the associated pressures on the environment and human well-being (e.g. clean air)?, b) How do environmental policies affect different socio-economic groups, and overall inequalities and social justice?

Output: So far researchers have completed population projections to 2100 for India by age, sex, and educational attainment for rural and urban regions of 35 States and Union Territories.

Expected outcome: The new results will be used in three IIASA models (regarding energy, food, and air pollution) in order to explore how better accounting of household socioeconomic heterogeneity in systems analysis improves prediction of global environmental change and human wellbeing, as well as the design of related policies. This project will also have a significant academic impact developing a common knowledge pool on the representation of socio-economic heterogeneity. As a proof of concept, the methodology and model improvement is being first developed for South Asia, with a special focus on India.
Indian partners: Prayas Energy Group (supported by the European Research Council)
Key research objectives: Analyze how much energy is needed to bring decent living standards to all, and what impact this will have on climate change? A case study will focus on India as part of the larger study that is funded by the European Research Council.

1.    Lamb, WF & Rao, ND (2015). Human development in a climate-constrained world: What the past says about the future.  Global Environmental Change, 33.  pp. 14-22.
2.    Rao, ND, Riahi K, and Grubler A. 2014. Climate impacts of poverty eradication. Nature Climate Change. 4,749–751
Key research objectives: These studies explore the efficiency and efficacy of policies to subsidize the prices of stoves, cooking fuel and kerosene which is widely used for lighting in India. The research analyzes the feasibility, costs, welfare impact and tradeoffs (for example on greenhouse gas emissions).

1.    Cameron, C., Pachauri, S., Rao, N., McCollum, D., Rogelj, J. and Riahi, K. (2016) Policy trade-offs between climate mitigation and clean cook-stove access in South Asia. Nature Energy 1, Article number: 15010.
2.    Lam, N.L., Pachauri, S., Purohit, P., Nagai, Y., Bates, M.N., Cameron, C. and Smith, Kirk R (2016) Kerosene subsidies for household lighting in India: what are the impacts? Environmental Research Letters, 11 (4). 044014.
3.    Pachauri S (2014). Household electricity access a trivial contributor to CO2 emissions growth in India. Nature Climate Change, 4(12):1073-1076


Indian partners: The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), New Delhi,
Key research objectives: To examine emissions of air  pollutants and  their  impact resulting  from  energy  scenarios developed  for  the  World  Energy Outlook 2015 for  India. Assessment has been done with the IIASA GAINS model.


Cofala, J., Bertok, I., Borken-Kleefeld, J., Heyes, C., Kiesewetter G., Klimont, Z., Purohit, P., Rafaj, P., Sander, R., Schöpp, W., Amann, M. 2015. Implications of energy trajectories from the World Energy Outlook 2015 for India's air pollution, International Energy Agency (IEA), Paris

Indian partners: The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), New Delhi,
Key research objectives: To examine emissions of air  pollutants and  their  impact resulting  from  energy  scenarios developed  for  the  World  Energy Outlook 2015 for  India. Assessment has been done with the IIASA GAINS model.


Cofala, J., Bertok, I., Borken-Kleefeld, J., Heyes, C., Kiesewetter G., Klimont, Z., Purohit, P., Rafaj, P., Sander, R., Schöpp, W., Amann, M. 2015. Implications of energy trajectories from the World Energy Outlook 2015 for India's air pollution, International Energy Agency (IEA), Paris

Indian partners: The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), New Delhi
Key research objectives: To develop a regional air quality simulation framework to simulate tropospheric ozone over South and East Asia where developing countries are accomplishing rapid economic growth.

1.    Sharma, S., Goel, A., Gupta, D., Kumar, A., Mishra, A., Kundu, S., Chatani, S., Klimont, Z. 2015. Emission inventory of non-methane volatile organic compounds from anthropogenic sources in India. Atmospheric Environment, 102, 209-219
2.    Chatani, S., Amann, M., Goel, A., Hao, J., Klimont, Z., Kumar, A., Mishra, A., Sharma, S., Wang, S. X., Wang, Y. X., Zhao, B. 2014. Photochemical roles of rapid economic growth and potential abatement strategies on tropospheric ozone over South and East Asia in 2030, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 9259-9277
Indian partners: Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB), Mumbai
Key research objectives: An evaluation of black-carbon climate forcing that is comprehensive in its inclusion of all known and relevant processes and that is quantitative in providing best estimates and uncertainties of the main forcing terms: direct solar absorption; influence on liquid, mixed phase, and ice clouds; and deposition on snow and ice. These effects are calculated with climate models, but when possible, they are evaluated with both microphysical measurements and field observations.

1.    Bond, T.C., Doherty, S.J., Fahey, D.W., Forster, P.M., Berntsen, T.K., DeAngelo, B.J., Flanner, M.G., Ghan, S., Kaercher, B., Koch, D., Kinne, S. and Klimont, Z. (2013) Bounding the role of black carbon in the climate system: A scientific assessment. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 118 (11). pp. 5380-5552.
Indian partners: World Resources Institute, India
Key research objectives: This study assessed and compared the benefits of electricity service to households and small enterprises from microgrids, solar home systems (SHS), and the national grid in select rural communities in India and Nepal. Electricity access, in general, leads to reduced kerosene use, more time spent by women on income-generation, and the acquisition of home appliances. However, different types of systems have distinct differences in electricity service conditions.
Rao, N.D., Agarwal, A. and Wood, D. (2016) Impacts of small-scale electricity systems: A study of rural communities in India and Nepal. World Resources Institute, Washington, DC. ISBN 978-1-56973-885-6
Impact: The policy report generated considerable coverage and has also informed the work of the UN Secretary General’s Sustainable Energy For All initiative which aims to achieve universal energy access, improve energy efficiency, and increase the use of renewable energy.


Click here for TIFAC-IIASA Info-sheet


TIFAC had been organizing series of workshops in collaboration with Indian institutes/ academia & IIASA to share the knowledge, learn new models and techniques, exchange ideas on emerging issues and problems to work together towards making a conducive research environment among Indian researchers, scientist and policy makers. Twenty workshops have been organized in partnership with IIASA since 2010 with focus on different research theme of IIASA such as Ecological Modelling, Land Use Planning, Demography, Water Resource Management, Disaster Risk Reduction, Regional Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation etc.

Click here for list of Academic Training Workshops


IIASA publications present a timely, scholarly treatment of subjects of public concern. The results of IIASA's research are documented in peer-reviewed journals, books and IIASA reports. TIFAC regularly receives a good amount of these publications. These publications are available in TIFAC library in a special “IIASA Section’ and is open for interested persons to browse and read.

Types of Publications available in TIFAC Library

  • Books: containing IIASA research work published in collaboration with major commercial publishers
  • Options: Options Magazine presents IIASA and its research for a non-specialist audience
  • Annual Reports: summarized the status and accomplishments of IIASA studies to sponsors.
  • IIASA Policy Briefs: present the institute's latest research in a concise format for policymakers. The views expressed in these briefs are those of the researchers and not necessarily of IIASA.
  • PopNet Newsletter : IIASA Population  groups’s Research news
  • PINpoints Newsletter:  the network newsletter of IIASA's project on Processes of International Negotiations (PIN).
  • IIASA Interim Reports: communicate preliminary results and concepts for discussion. These used to be named IIASA Research Memoranda and IIASA Working Papers.
  • IIASA Reprints: reproduce articles about IIASA research that have been published in journals and books.
  • IIASA Research Reports: disseminate IIASA research that has been peer-reviewed to a wide international audience.

List of IIASA Publications presently available*

I. Books:

  1. Climate and Energy Systems: A Review of their Interactions, Jäger, J.
  2. Uncertainty and Forecasting of Water Quality, Beck MB,  van Straten G (eds)
  3. Water Quality Management: A Review of the Development and Application of Mathematical Models, Beck, M.B.
  4. Migration and Settlement: A Multiregional Comparative Study, Rogers A,  Willekens F
  5. Impacts of Artificial Intelligence, Trappl R (ed.)
  6. Stochastic Optimization; Proceedings of the International Conference, Kiev, USSR, September 1984, Arkin VI,  Shiraev A,  Wets RJ-B (eds)
  7. Interactive Decision Analysis…, Grauer M,  Wierzbicki AP (eds)
  8. Discrete Event Systems…, Varaiya P,  Kurzhanski AB (eds)
  9. Modelling and Inverse Problems of Control for Distributed Parameter Systems…, Kurzhanski AB,  Lasiecka I (eds)International Trade in Forest Products, Nagy A (ed.)
  10. Methods of Dendrochronology…, Cook ER,  Kairiukstis L (eds)
  11. Advances in Spatial Theory and Dynamics, Andersson AE,  Batten DF,  Johansson B,  Nijkamp P (eds)
  12. Mountain World in Danger: Climate Change in the Forests and Mountains of Europe, Nilsson S,  Pitt D
  13. Model Oriented Data-Analysis: A Survey of Recent Methods, Fedorov V,  Mueller W,  Vuchkov IN (eds)
  14. Set-valued Analysis and Differential Inclusions, Kurzhanski AB,  Veliov V (eds)
  15. Modeling Techniques for Uncertain Systems, Kurzhanski AB,  Veliov V (eds)
  16. Culture and Negotiation. The Resolution of Water Disputes, Faure GO,  Rubin JZ (eds)
  17. Cohabiting, Married, or Single: Portraying, Analyzing and Modeling New Living Arrangements in the Changing Societies of Europe, Prinz,C.
  18. Water Resources Management in the Face of Climatic/Hydrologic Uncertainties, Kaczmarek Z,  Strzepek KM,  Somlyody L,  Priazhinskaya V (eds)
  19. Acid Rain and Environmental Degradation. The Economics of Emission Trading, Klaassen G
  20. Ellipsoidal Calculus for Estimation and Control, Kurzhanski AB,  Valyi I
  21. Trade Growth in Transition Economies. Export Impediments for Central and Eastern Europe, Cooper RN,  Gacs J (eds)
  22. The Mixed Blessings of Financial Inflows. Transition Countries in Comparative Perspective, Gacs J,  Holzmann R,  Wyzan M (eds)
  23. The Forest Industrial Sector of Russia: Opportunity Awaiting, Backman CA
  24. Old Sins. Industrial Metabolism, Heavy Metal Pollution, and Environmental Transition in Central Europe, Anderberg S,  Prieler S,  Olendrzynski K,  de Bruyn S
  25. The Rise and Fall of Infrastructures: Dynamics of Evolution and Technological Change in Transport, Gruebler,A.
  26. Technological Change and the Environment, Gruebler A,  Nakicenovic N,  Nordhaus WD (eds)
  27. Professional Cultures in International Negotiation. Bridge or Rift?, Sjoestedt G (ed.)
  28. Technology and Global Change, Gruebler A
  29. Ice Ages and Astronomical Causes, Muller RA,  MacDonald GJ

II. IIASA Reprints:

Year: 2007

  1. Ownership Reform in China's Township and Village Enterprises
    (IIASA Reprint RP-07-011)
  2. Climate Change Impacts on Irrigation Water Requirements: Effects of Mitigation
    (IIASA Reprint RP-07-010)
  3. Dynamics of Internationalization and Outward Investment: Chinese Corporations' Strategies
    (IIASA Reprint RP-07-009)
  4. Economic and Societal Changes in China and their Effects on Water Use
    (IIASA Reprint RP-07-008)
  5. Pandemic Influenza: A Review
    (IIASA Reprint RP-07-007)
  6. Priorities in Global Assistance for Health, AIDS, and Population
    (IIASA Reprint RP-07-006)
  7. Contesting the Cause and Severity of the Black Death: A Review Essay
    (IIASA Reprint RP-07-005)
  8. Impacts of Demographic Trends on US Household Size and Structure
    (IIASA Reprint RP-07-004)
  9. A Near Electoral Majority of Pensioners: Prospects and Policies
    (IIASA Reprint RP-07-003)
  10. How Science and Policy Combined to Combat Air Pollution Problems
    (IIASA Reprint RP-07-002)
  11. The Low-Fertility Trap Hypothesis: Forces that May Lead to Further Postponement and Fewer Births in Europe
    (IIASA Reprint RP-07-001)

Year: 2006

  1. Spatial Recovering of Agricultural Values from Aggregate Information: Sequential Downscaling Methods
    (IIASA Reprint RP-06-009)
  2. An Analysis of Alternative Emission Trading Strategies of Parties to the Kyoto Protocol
    (IIASA Reprint RP-06-008)
  3. Mathematical Models of Catastrophes. Control of Catastrophic Processes
    (IIASA Reprint RP-06-007)
  4. Global Long-term Energy-Economy-Environment Scenarios with an Emphasis on Russia
    (IIASA Reprint RP-06-006)
  5. Doing More with Less - Improving the Environment through Green Engineering
    (IIASA Reprint RP-06-005)
  6. Demographic Transition and Education in Developing Countries
    (IIASA Reprint RP-06-004)
  7. Agro-Ecological Zones Assessment
    (IIASA Reprint RP-06-003)
  8. A Structured Modeling Technology
    (IIASA Reprint RP-06-002)
  9. Economic Growth Under Shocks: Path Dependencies and Stabilization
    (IIASA Reprint RP-06-001)

Year: 2005

  1. Socio-economic and Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture: An Integrated Assessment
    (IIASA Reprint RP-05-008)
  2. Catastrophic Risk Management: Flood and Seismic Risks Case Studies
    (IIASA Reprint RP-05-007)
  3. Average Remaining Lifetimes Can Increase as Human Populations Age
    (IIASA Reprint RP-05-006)
  4. Energyplexes for the 21st Century: Coal Gasification for Co-Producing Hydrogen, Electricity and Liquid Fuels
    (IIASA Reprint RP-05-005)
  5. Alternative Scenarios of Greenhouse Gas Emissions
    (IIASA Reprint RP-05-004)
  6. The Pontryagin Maximum Principle and Transversality Conditions for a Class of Optimal Control Problems with Infinite Time Horizons
    (IIASA Reprint RP-05-003)
  7. Energy Planning Methodologies and Tools
    (IIASA Reprint RP-05-002)
  8. Some Issues in Energy Policy and Planning
    (IIASA Reprint RP-05-001)

Year: 2004

  1. China's GDP: Examining Provincial Disparities (1952-1998)
    (IIASA Reprint RP-04-015)
  2. Assessing and Simulating the Altered Functioning of the Earth System in the Anthropocene
    (IIASA Reprint RP-04-014)
  3. Learn-by-Doing and Carbon Dioxide Abatement
    (IIASA Reprint RP-04-013)
  4. Technological Learning for Carbon Capture and Sequestration Technologies
    (IIASA Reprint RP-04-012)
  5. Experiments with a Methodology to Model the Role of R&D Expenditures in Energy Technology Learning Process
    (IIASA Reprint RP-04-011)
  6. Endogenizing R&D and Market Experience in the "Bottom-Up" Energy-Systems ERIS Model
    (IIASA Reprint RP-04-010)
  7. How to Deal with Uncertainty in Population Forecasting
    (IIASA Reprint RP-04-009)
  8. Emission Trading and the Role of Learning-By-Doing Spillovers in the Bottom-Up Energy-System ERIS Model
    (IIASA Reprint RP-04-008)
  9. Emissions Trading and Technology Deployment in an Energy-Systems "Bottom-Up" Model with Technology Learning
    (IIASA Reprint RP-04-007)
  10. Abrupt Changes: The Achilles' Heels of the Earth System
    (IIASA Reprint RP-04-006)
  11. Transitions in Energy Use
    (IIASA Reprint RP-04-005)
  12. Long-Term Population Decline in Europe: The Relative Importance of Tempo Effects and Generational Effects
    (IIASA Reprint RP-04-004)
  13. Special Issue on Flood Risks in Europe
    (IIASA Reprint RP-04-003)
  14. Multiequilibrium Game of Timing and Competition of Gas Pipeline Projects
    (IIASA Reprint RP-04-002)
  15. Technological Progress Towards Sustainable Development
    (IIASA Reprint RP-04-001)

Year: 2003

  1. Carbon Trading with Imperfectly Observable Emissions
    (IIASA Reprint RP-03-008)
  2. Costs of Reducing Carbon Emissions: An Integrated Modeling Framework Approach
    (IIASA Reprint RP-03-007)
  3. Europe's Population at a Turning Point
    (IIASA Reprint RP-03-006)
  4. Valuing the Environmental Impacts of Electricity Generation: A Critical Survey
    (IIASA Reprint RP-03-005)
  5. Optimal Feedbacks in Techno-Economics Dynamics
    (IIASA Reprint RP-03-004)
  6. Technology Spillovers and Economic Vitality: An Analysis of Institutional Flexibility in Japan with Comparisons to the USA
    (IIASA Reprint RP-03-003)
  7. Learning Curves and Technology Assessment
    (IIASA Reprint RP-03-002)
  8. The Hydrogen Economy in the 21st Century: A Sustainable Development Scenario
    (IIASA Reprint RP-03-001)

Year: 2002

  1. Analysis of Energy Intensity Developments in Manufacturing Sectors in Industrialized and Developing Countries
    (IIASA Reprint RP-02-006)
  2. An Assessment of Technological Change Across Selected Energy Scenarios
    (IIASA Reprint RP-02-005)
  3. Trends in Global Emissions: Carbon, Sulfur, and Nitrogen
    (IIASA Reprint RP-02-004)
  4. Endogenous Technological Change in Climate Change Modeling
    (IIASA Reprint RP-02-001)

Year: 2001

  1. Learning Rates for Energy Technologies
    (IIASA Reprint RP-01-014)
  2.  Scenario Analysis of China's Land Use and Land Cover Change: Incorporating Biophysical Information into Input-Output Modeling
    (IIASA Reprint RP-01-013)
  3. The End of World Population Growth
    (IIASA Reprint RP-01-012)
  4. The World's Changing Human Capital Stock: Multi-State Population Projections by Educational Attainment
    (IIASA Reprint RP-01-011)
  5. The Kyoto Protocol Emission Allocations: Windfall Surpluses for Russia and Ukraine
    (IIASA Reprint RP-01-010)
  6. Global Bioenergy Potentials through 2050
    (IIASA Reprint RP-01-009)
  7. The Future of Gas Infrastructures in Eurasia
    (IIASA Reprint RP-01-008)
  8. Sustainability Science
    (IIASA Reprint RP-01-007)
  9. Can China Feed Itself? An Analysis of China's Food Prospects with Special Reference to Water Resources
    (IIASA Reprint RP-01-006)
  10. Modeling of Multi-Agent Market Systems in the Presence of Uncertainty: The Case of Information Economy
    (IIASA Reprint RP-01-005)
  11. Energy Technology Strategies for Carbon Dioxide Mitigation and Sustainable Development
    (IIASA Reprint RP-01-004)
  12. Modeling Industrial Dynamics with Innovative Entrants
    (IIASA Reprint RP-01-003)
  13. Anticipatory Ownership Reform Driven by Competition: China's Township-Village and Private Enterprises in the 1990s
    (IIASA Reprint RP-01-002)

Year: 2000

  1. A Systems Approach to Modeling Catastrophic Risk and Insurability
     (IIASA Reprint RP-00-025)
  2. Modeling Uncertainty of Induced Technological Change
    (IIASA Reprint RP-00-024)
  3. Toward Green Mobility: The Evolution of Transport
    (IIASA Reprint RP-00-023)
  4. Global and Regional Greenhouse Gas Emissions Scenarios
    (IIASA Reprint RP-00-022)
  5. Insurability of Catastrophic Risks: The Stochastic Optimization Model
    (IIASA Reprint RP-00-020)
  6. Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions Scenarios: Integrated Modeling Approaches
    (IIASA Reprint RP-00-019)
  7. Energy and the Protection of the Atmosphere
    (IIASA Reprint RP-00-018)
  8. Technology Dynamics and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Mitigation: A Cost Assessment
    (IIASA Reprint RP-00-017)
  9. Greenhouse Gas Emissions in a Dynamics-as-Usual Scenario of Economic and Energy Development
    (IIASA Reprint RP-00-016)
  10. Wheat Yield Functions for Analysis of Land-Use Change in China
    (IIASA Reprint RP-00-015)
  11. Managing the Global Environment
    (IIASA Reprint RP-00-012)
  12. Costs of a Ceiling on Kyoto Flexibility
    (IIASA Reprint RP-00-011)
  13. MESSAGE-MACRO: Linking an Energy Supply Model with a Macroeconomic Module and Solving it Iteratively
    (IIASA Reprint RP-00-010)
  14. Interactive Specification and Analysis of Aspiration-Based Preferences
    (IIASA Reprint RP-00-009)
  15. A Systems Approach to Management of Catastrophic Risks
    (IIASA Reprint RP-00-008)
  16. A Simplified Ozone Model Based on Fuzzy Rules Generation
    (IIASA Reprint RP-00-007)
  17. Modeling Paradigms Applied to the Analysis of European Air Quality
    (IIASA Reprint RP-00-006)
  18. What Do We Know About the Future Changes in the Proportions of Children and Elderly in Europe?
    (IIASA Reprint RP-00-005)
  19. Economic Impacts of the 1997 EU Energy Tax: Simulations with Three EU-Wide Models
    (IIASA Reprint RP-00-004)
  20. Modeling Technological Change: Implications for the Global Environment
    (IIASA Reprint RP-00-003)
  21. Long-Term Energy Futures: The Critical Role of Technology
    (IIASA Reprint RP-00-002)

Publication relevant to Indian-IIASA collaborations (2008-2016)

IIASA is receiving application for Post Doctoral Programme.

For more detail click here...

Call for Proposals for Collaborative Studies with International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Austria – an Initiative of the India-IIASA Programme being implemented by TIFAC

As the Indian National Member Organization (NMO) with the IIASA Austria, TIFAC, an autonomous organization under the aegis of the Department of Science & Technology, Government of India, invites proposals for full/partial financial support for the Indian component, from Indian researchers to conduct joint collaborative research studies with IIASA researchers.

Details are as below:

TIFAC-IIASA studies guidelines [PDF]

Application format [PDF] [WORD]

Proposal may only be submitted through email addressed to

Sangeeta Baksi
Scientist 'E'
India-IIASA Programme
Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC)
4th Floor, 'A' Wing
Vishwakarma Bhavan
Shaheed Jeet Singh Marg
New Delhi 110016, India.
Tel: 91-11-26963770, 42525777

E-mail: iiasatifac[at]gmail[dot]com , sangeetab[at]tifac[dot]org[dot]in

(Please mention ‘TIFAC-IIASA Study’ in the subject of e-mail)

Applications are invited by TIFAC, a registered Society under the aegis of the Department of Science & Technology, Government of India, for financial support for capacity building of young Indians researchers (students, researchers, and young faculty) working in Indian Institutions, to work at International Institute for Applied Science and Systems (IIASA) as ‘Guest Scholars’ for short durations, within specific (ongoing or new) joint collaborative project with IIASA Researchers.

Details are as below:

Capacity Building Initiative guideline [PDF]

Application format [PDF] [WORD]

Queries and applications may be sent to Ms. Sangeeta Baksi at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


To be operational later..

Sangeeta Baksi
Scientist 'F'
India-IIASA Programme
Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC)
4th Floor, 'A' Wing
Vishwakarma Bhavan
Shaheed Jeet Singh Marg
New Delhi 110016, India.
Tel: 91-11-26963770, 42525777

E-mail: iiasatifac[at]gmail[dot]com , sangeetab[at]tifac[dot]org[dot]in