Training & Human Resource Development
1. Creation of National Training Network
a) Formulation of a National Human Resource Development program for training of trainers, trainees and voluntary agencies.
b) Development of the organization structure which will consist of an apex coordination cell. This will be linked with participating institutions in different areas of rural technologies.
In the next tier to begin with 2 to 3 key institutions are proposed to be identified and linked to participating institutions to implement continuing education programs. A number of collaborative institutions are also to be developed for specialized training. At the lower level it is recommended to link with community polytechnics, rural technology centres and voluntary agencies for technology transfer and training programs.
Each State Department should set up a HRD cell and nominate a nodal officer to monitor the State’s HRD programs.
2. HRD Program Planning
a) Laying down the training guidelines and evaluation criteria on the part of apex level cell for each area.
b) Making HRD program mandatory in the administrative structure of the Central, State, District and block levels.
c) Working out separate plans with respect to different categories and functionaries.
d) Setting up of Working Group to develop broad based programs of training and development in each centre.
e) Identifying external resource persons from seats of higher learning who may be involved in training programs.
3. Training Program Organization
The main components for successful training programs will be training need identification for different levels and types, selection of training institutions / trainers, selection of training methods and evaluation of training programs. A scientific method of going about organizing of training programs based on these components is recommended.
a) Motivation among beneficiaries can be attained only through spread of education, introduction of well structured training programs, field demonstrations, media exposure, launching appropriate communication strategy and reduction of bureaucratic red tape etc.
b) For motivating the extension workers, a dramatic change in government policy is required by providing special allowances, better salary scale and promotional avenues, better facilities-transport, medical, school, accommodation etc., better subsequent postings, ensuring better prospects and relating rewards to performance (performance not in terms of financial expenditure, but improvement in physical quality of life).
Development of new system of education that will tend to integrate education with development of the region including society, through activities that simultaneously provide for stimulation of the intellect, upgrade skills and provide community services as part of the system.
6. Community involvement
Community involvement may be ensured through:
a) Use of services provided by students and paying for them.
b) Integration of education in rural development in a single system by including some commercial operations whereby students are involved in certain trades and receive training as well as have a share in the profits.
c) Voluntary fund collection for construction and provision of schools.
7. Voluntary Agency Involvement
An improved model for involving voluntary agencies should be desvised, which will be acceptable to all agencies. The model should take care of delivery system, should have an integrated approach, must have an in-built feedback system for free flow of information and it should have community accountability. Preferably its area of operation should be confined to a block and smaller units.
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